This poster shows the types of language used to recruit more men to the The First Kentucky Brigade, which was originally formed in early 1862 and was the largest Confederate unit formed from Kentucky during the war. Led by Major General John C. Breckinridge, the Brigade was used throughout the south in major battles, including the Battle of Shiloh. Because Kentucky remained formally a part of the Union during the Civil War, these CSA soldiers were often called Orphans.
The name stuck after General Braxton Bragg rode among the survivors following a particularly harrowing battle and cried out, repeatedly, "My poor Orphans! My poor Orphans!". The Brigade became run-down in the following years, as they lost commander after commander during major battles. When they were originally mustered in to service, weapons were in short supply, so they were armed with old smoothbore muskets and hunting rifles; further, some men fought with no rifles at all. Thankfully, only a week before the Battle of Shiloh, most of then men were given Enfield rifles which better prepared them for upcoming battles.
The men charge forward in to the Battle of Chickamauga. Note that each regiment that made up the Brigade carried its own flag.
Though the men would be successful in this battle, they would lose their commander, Brigadier General Benjamin Hardin Helm, who was Abraham Lincoln's brother-in-law.
The Fascinating History of Kentucky's "Orphan Brigade" (10 Photos)